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Trial and error Evidence to get
Stages of Health Tendencies Change:
The Precaution Re-homing Process Style
Applied to Home Radon Tests
By Neil D. Weinstein, Judith Electronic. Lyon, Peter M. Sandman, and Cara L. Cuite Health Psychology, 1998, Vol 17. Number 5, pp. 445-453.
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Hypotheses made by the precaution adoption method model, a stage model of health behavior, were examined in the framework of house radon tests. The specific idea tested was that the limitations impeding improvement toward protecting action differ from stage to stage. A great intervention explaining a high likelihood of radon concerns in examine area homes was designed to inspire homeowners in the model's unsure stage to determine to test, and a low-effort, how-to-test input was designed to motivate homeowners inside the decided -to-act stage to order evaluation kits. Surgery were provided in a factorial design that created circumstances matched or perhaps mismatched towards the recipient's stage (N = 1, 897). Both activity to a stage closer to assessment and purchase of radon evaluation kits had been assessed. As predicted, the risk treatment was relatively more effective in getting undecided people to decide to test within getting decided-to-act people to order a check. Also assisting predictions, the low-effort input proved fairly more effective when you get decided-to-act visitors to order checks than in getting undecided individuals to decide to check.
The Precaution Adoption Process Unit (PAPM)
Analyzing the PAPM in the Framework of House Radon Assessment
Review of Study Style
Manipulation Checks and Preintervention Differences Between Phases Predicting Progress Toward Action
Predicting Test Orders
Computations of Two-Stage Transitions
Predictions in the Precaution Adoption Process Unit
The Combo Condition
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Most current ideas of person health tendencies consist of some variables considered to be important and a regulation (or equation) prescribing just how these parameters should be mixed (Conner & Norman, mil novecentos e noventa e seis; Weinstein, 1993). However , numerous researchers possess questioned if reactions to health hazards can be represented properly by a single prediction secret. Instead, they will describe the adoption of. precautions regarding a series of periods (Baranowski, 1992-1993; Horn, 1976; Janis & Mann, 1977; Prochaska & DiClemente, 1983; Weinstein, 1988; Weinstein & Sandman, 1992).
The most special and probably useful characteristic of stage theories is a idea that the determinants of progress toward protective actions vary from stage to stage. The elements most important in getting someone to 1st pay attention to a risk, for instance , may not be the ones that are most critical in determining whether he or she eventually determines to take action. Therefore, stage ideas imply that treatment options need to be matched to the stage of the audience, centering on the specific barriers that lessen movement to another stage and changing with time as the group progresses coming from stage to stage (DiClemente, Carbonari, & Velasquez, 1992). By recommending how to custom interventions to audiences, level theories offer the prospect of more effective and more efficient habit change initiatives.
Most non-stage theories, in comparison, are based on an individual theoretically or perhaps empirically produced equation (e. g., Ajzen & Madden, 1986; Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975; Ronis, 1992). This equation produces a numerical value for every single person, and this value can be interpreted while the likelihood the fact that person will require action. The prediction equation thus spots each person along a continuum, and the target of affluence is to move people along the procession. Such an procedure acknowledges quantitative differences among people,...
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